The relationship of breast self-examination to health belief model variables


  • Victoria Lee Champion

    Corresponding author
    1. Associate professor, Department of Community Health, Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis
    • Indiana University School of Nursing, 610 Barnhill Dr., Indianapolis, IN 46223
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The relationship between frequency of breast self-examination and Health Belief Model variables was assessed in a convenience sample of 588 women. Susceptibility, seriousness, benefits, barriers, health motivation, control, and knowledge of breast cancer and breast self-examination were measured by scales previously tested for validity and reliability. Individual items measured the frequency of breast self-examination and the method by which breast self-examination was taught. Multiple regression and discriminant analysis demonstrated that barriers, knowledge, and susceptibility were correlated with frequency of breast self-examination (R = 0.53, p = ≤ 0.001). In addition, persons taught by a doctor or nurse evidenced greater frequency of breast self-examination than those taught in other ways.