The Child Care Activities Scale (CCAS) and Parental Role Preference Scale (PRPS) were developed to measure parental involvement in four domains of child care: direct care, indirect care, amount of sole responsibility, and play. The CCAS measures level of involvement of each parent in 21 child care activities. The 12-item PRPS is intended to discriminate among how much parents ideally would like to participate in child care, how much they perceive their spouse would like them to participate, and how much they actually do participate in child care. The psychometric properties of both scales are presented using data from two studies. Recommendations for the future use of the scales are given.