Bonnie Mowinski Jennings, DNSc, RN, is a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps. She currently is assigned as an intragovernmental fellow to the National Center for Nursing Research, NIH.
Stress, locus of control, social support, and psychological symptoms among head nurses
Article first published online: 19 JAN 2007
Copyright © 1990 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 13, Issue 6, pages 393–401, December 1990
How to Cite
Jennings, B. M. (1990), Stress, locus of control, social support, and psychological symptoms among head nurses. Res. Nurs. Health, 13: 393–401. doi: 10.1002/nur.4770130607
- Issue published online: 19 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 19 JAN 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 23 MAY 1990
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 MAY 1990
- Manuscript Received: 22 DEC 1988
This study was conducted to evaluate the relationships among work stress, nonwork stress, locus of control, social support, and head nurses' psychological symptoms. Data were collected from head nurses (N = 300) representing all Army hospitals in the United States; 21% of the volunteer sample were men. The results supported the hypotheses that perceived stress from both work and nonwork sources was positively related to psychological symptoms. Direct effects for both internal locus of control and social support, while weak, were manifest as expected; these variables demonstrated a negative relationship with psychological symptoms. None of the hypothesized buffering effects were detected. The stress model derived from this study accounted for 35.9% of the variance in psychological symptoms. Regardless of gender, the head nurses' psychological symptoms were one standard deviation higher than nonpatient norms.