Development and evaluation of the osteoporosis health belief scale

Authors

  • Dr. Katherine K. Kim PhD, RN,

    Corresponding author
    1. Associate Professor in the Kirkhof School of Nursing, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan
    • Kirkhof School of Nursing, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI 49401
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  • Mary L. Horan PhD, RN,

    1. Professor in and the Director of that School, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan
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  • Phyllis Gendler Ph(C), RNC,

    1. Assistant Professor in the same School, Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan
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  • Minu K. Patel MSC

    1. Assistant Professor in the College of Nursing and Research Resources Center, University of Illinois at Chicago
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Abstract

The Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale was developed to measure health beliefs related to osteoporosis. It is a 35-item self-report questionnaire based on the Health Belief Model which is specifically designed to assess beliefs related to exercise behaviors and calcium intake of elderly subjects. The instrument consists of seven subscales: Seriousness, Susceptibility, Health Motivation, Calcium Benefits, Calcium Barriers, Exercise Benefits, and Exercise Barriers. The instrument was tested on a sample of 150 elderly individuals. The psychometric properties of the scales are discussed along with recommendations for its use in research and practice.

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