Nancy R. Reynolds, RN, MS, and Gayle Timmerman, RN, MS, are doctoral candidates in nursing at The Ohio State University.
Meta-analysis for descriptive research
Article first published online: 22 JAN 2007
Copyright © 1992 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., A Wiley Company
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 15, Issue 6, pages 467–475, December 1992
How to Cite
Reynolds, N. R., Timmerman, G., Anderson, J. and Stevenson, J. S. (1992), Meta-analysis for descriptive research. Res. Nurs. Health, 15: 467–475. doi: 10.1002/nur.4770150609
- Issue published online: 22 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 22 JAN 2007
- Manuscript Revised: 7 MAY 1992
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAY 1992
- Manuscript Received: 14 OCT 1991
Although nurses have begun to use meta-analysis, a review of the nursing literature demonstrates that its use has not been maximized. Meta-analysis can be employed to synthesize descriptive as well as experimental research, yet attention in nursing has focused almost exclusively on meta-analysis techniques for, and meta-analytic studies of, experimental research. Furthermore, nursing literature has emphasized use of the effect size index (d) rather than the correlation index (r); the latter may, in some cases, be the more suitable metric, particularly with meta-analysis of correlational studies. An argument is made for the value of meta-analysis as a technique for integrating descriptive research, and an overview of different meta-analytic approaches to data analysis using the correlational index with descriptive research is provided.