The Meul Index: A non-destructive method for estimating the cortical index in skeletal samples
Article first published online: 29 OCT 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume 21, Issue 2, pages 243–246, March/April 2011
How to Cite
Meulendyk, T., Dewar, G. and Schillaci, M. A. (2011), The Meul Index: A non-destructive method for estimating the cortical index in skeletal samples. Int. J. Osteoarchaeol., 21: 243–246. doi: 10.1002/oa.1121
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 29 OCT 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 6 JUL 2009
- Manuscript Received: 15 MAY 2009
- cortical bone;
- bone weight;
- bone loss;
The study of osteoporosis in past populations provides insight into the history and evolution of this condition. The Cortical Index is a relative measure of cortical bone often used for identifying individuals with age-related bone loss associated with osteoporosis. Current methods of measuring the Cortical Index involve radiography or cutting actual sections of long bones at the mid-shaft. We propose a new index, the Meul Index as means for estimating the Cortical Index without the use of radiography. Based on a preliminary study of 13 individuals consisting of 9 males, 3 females and one unknown sex, ranging in age from young to older adult, the Meul Index is highly correlated with the Cortical Index (r = 0.903). The proposed Meul Index provides a non-destructive and inexpensive means for studying age-related bone loss in prehistoric and historic populations represented by skeletal samples. Our research builds on the recent publication of Silva, A.M., Crubezy, E. and Cunha, E. 2008. Bone weight: new reference values based on a modern Portuguese identified skeletal collection. Int. J. Osteoarchaeol. DOI: 10.1002/oa.998. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.