Anthropological analysis of the phenomenon of atlas occipitalisation exemplified by a skull from twardogóra (17th c.)—southern Poland
Version of Record online: 19 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume 22, Issue 6, pages 749–754, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Senator, M. and Gronkiewicz, S. (2012), Anthropological analysis of the phenomenon of atlas occipitalisation exemplified by a skull from twardogóra (17th c.)—southern Poland. Int. J. Osteoarchaeol., 22: 749–754. doi: 10.1002/oa.1236
- Issue online: 12 DEC 2012
- Version of Record online: 19 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 28 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Received: 3 MAY 2010
- atlanto-occipital fusion;
- congenital anomaly;
- neurological symptoms;
Occipitalisation of the atlas is one of the most frequent osseous anomalies of the atlas. It is characterised by the adhesion of the first cervical vertebra with the basilar part of the occipital bone. The most probable cause of the occipitalisation is a congenital disorder. The atlanto-occipital fusion may lead to narrowing of the space for medulla oblongata, spinal cord and vertebral artery. This in turn may lead to many physiological symptoms. The skull from Twardogóra, Southern Poland, showed partial atlanto-occipital fusion and presented an asymmetry in structure and shape of apertures for the vessels and nerves around the foramen magnum. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.