Developmental Stress and Survival among the Mid Upper Paleolithic Sunghir Children: Dental Enamel Hypoplasias of Sunghir 2 and 3
Article first published online: 27 JUL 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume 23, Issue 4, pages 421–431, July/August 2013
How to Cite
Guatelli-Steinberg, D., Buzhilova, A. P. and Trinkaus, E. (2013), Developmental Stress and Survival among the Mid Upper Paleolithic Sunghir Children: Dental Enamel Hypoplasias of Sunghir 2 and 3. Int. J. Osteoarchaeol., 23: 421–431. doi: 10.1002/oa.1263
- Issue published online: 17 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 27 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 25 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Received: 3 MAR 2011
- Upper Paleolithic
The Sunghir 2 and 3 late juvenile to early adolescent immature skeletons, from the Mid Upper Paleolithic (Eastern Gravettian) of northern Russia, exhibit several episodes of dental enamel hypoplasias. Those of the older male Sunghir 2 relate principally to a stress episode in the third year post-natal, although subsequent minor stress episodes may be indicated. They are not accompanied by other marked developmental abnormalities. The younger female Sunghir 3 exhibits at least three episodes of pronounced post-natal stress through the third to fifth years post-natal, followed by femoral and tibial growth arrest lines that formed shortly before her death at 9–11 years. These first decade post-natal stress episodes of Sunghir 3 may be related to the same developmental condition that produced her abnormally bowed femora pre-natally and/or to continued frailty related to that condition. Surviving these stress episodes for different lengths of time, both Sunghir 2 and 3 were awarded the most elaborate Paleolithic burial known. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.