Evidence of Trephinations among the Garamantes, a Late Holocene Saharan Population
Article first published online: 9 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume 23, Issue 3, pages 370–377, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Nikita, E., Lahr, M. M. and Mattingly, D. (2013), Evidence of Trephinations among the Garamantes, a Late Holocene Saharan Population. Int. J. Osteoarchaeol., 23: 370–377. doi: 10.1002/oa.1265
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 9 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 11 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Received: 1 MAY 2011
- cranial perforations;
- medical practices;
- North Africa;
The current communication examines three male individuals who belonged to the Garamantian civilisation, Fezzan, Libya. The individuals have been dated to ad 1–700 and exhibit signs of perforations on their crania, which appear to represent trephinations. The sophistication of the practice and its successful execution, as evidenced by traces of healing, indicate that the Garamantes possessed the knowledge of complex surgical procedures. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.