Hallux Valgus among an 18th Century Population of the Canary Islands

Authors

  • A. Trujillo-Mederos,

    1. Dpto. de Prehistoria, Arqueología, Antropología e Historia Antigua, La Laguna/Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
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  • M. Arnay-de-la-Rosa,

    1. Dpto. de Prehistoria, Arqueología, Antropología e Historia Antigua, La Laguna/Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
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  • E. González-Reimers,

    Corresponding author
    1. Dpto. de Medicina Interna, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna/Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
    • Correspondence to: Emilio González-Reimers, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, La Laguna/Tenerife Canary Islands, Spain.

      e-mail: egonrey@ull.es

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  • A. C. Ordóñez

    1. Dpto. de Prehistoria, Arqueología, Antropología e Historia Antigua, La Laguna/Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
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ABSTRACT

Hallux valgus is defined as the lateral deviation of the great toe. It is considered a disease mainly related to the use of boots or shoes that constrict the foot. This process usually ensues along many years and is accompanied by changes at the metatarsophalangeal joint, which serve to make the diagnosis on bare bones. Diagnostic criteria include lateral deviation of the metatarsophalangeal joint (1), lateral subluxation of the first phalanx, degenerative changes of the sesamoid articular facets, and exostosis or remodelling of the medial tuberosity. Following other authors, we have defined hallux valgus as the presence of (1) and any of the other three criteria. In a series of the 18th century burials from the church La Concepción, in Tenerife, Canary Islands, we found 35 cases of hallux valgus out of the 117 cases for which necessary data for the diagnosis could be recorded (29.91%). A significant association was found between changes in the left toe and burial site near the altar, where priests and other people of the high social status were interred. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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