Occipitalization of the Atlas in Two Female Skeletons from Apollonia Pontica, Bulgaria
Article first published online: 15 AUG 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
How to Cite
Keenleyside, A. (2012), Occipitalization of the Atlas in Two Female Skeletons from Apollonia Pontica, Bulgaria. Int. J. Osteoarchaeol.. doi: 10.1002/oa.2264
- Article first published online: 15 AUG 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 25 JUL 2012 10:01AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 9 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 29 MAY 2012
- atlas occipitalization;
- atlanto-occipital fusion;
- Apollonia Pontica;
Occipitalization of the atlas was observed in two adult female skeletons from the Greek colonial site of Apollonia Pontica (5th to 3rd centuries BC), located on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. Representing a rare congenital anomaly of the atlanto-occipital junction, this condition has been documented in very few skeletal remains from Classical antiquity. Postmortem damage to one of the specimens prevented an evaluation of its clinical significance. The dimensions of the second specimen, however, suggest that the affected individual may have experienced some neurological symptoms associated with her condition. The burial of the two females in close proximity to one another raises the possibility that they may have been biologically related. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.