The Taphonomy of the Final Middle Stone Age Fauna from Sibudu Cave, South Africa
Article first published online: 17 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
How to Cite
Collins, B. R. (2013), The Taphonomy of the Final Middle Stone Age Fauna from Sibudu Cave, South Africa. Int. J. Osteoarchaeol.. doi: 10.1002/oa.2347
- Article first published online: 17 OCT 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 13 SEP 2013 01:03AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 27 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 11 MAR 2013
- burned bone;
- Middle Stone Age;
- Sibudu Cave;
This study applies a taphonomic analysis to the final Middle Stone Age faunal assemblage from Sibudu Cave, South Africa, by assessing bone surface modifications, breakage patterns and skeletal element abundances. Cut marks, percussion marks, severe fragmentation and the high frequency of burned bone combine to demonstrate that human behaviour was the principal agent in the assemblage's formation. These results are consistent with previous research on earlier occupations of Sibudu during the Middle Stone Age. Moreover, this assemblage is proposed to reflect regular site maintenance and cleaning. This conclusion is consistent with previous research that demonstrates systematic site maintenance during the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu and emphasises this behaviour as being a consistent activity for Middle Stone Age foragers. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.