An Erratum has been published for this article in International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 15(2) 2005, 153–154.
More than one century of archaeological excavations in Oslo has brought several thousand medieval skeletons to light. Many of these are silent witnesses of the health conditions in the Norwegian capital during the 12th–16th centuries. This paper presents a description of two cases of special interest. One is a tibia that shows traces of cut marks due to a severe osteomyelitis; the other one has a depression in the bregma area which has perforated the skull roof and led to an inflammation of the bone surface. Both cases are probably proofs of deliberate medical care and skill of a high professional standard at that time. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.