Skeletal pathology of a high-ranking official from Thrace (Turkey, last quarter of the 4th century BC)
Article first published online: 27 MAY 2005
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume 15, Issue 3, pages 216–225, May/June 2005
How to Cite
Özbek, M. (2005), Skeletal pathology of a high-ranking official from Thrace (Turkey, last quarter of the 4th century BC). Int. J. Osteoarchaeol., 15: 216–225. doi: 10.1002/oa.777
- Issue published online: 27 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 27 MAY 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JUN 2004
- Manuscript Revised: 12 MAR 2004
- Manuscript Received: 10 OCT 2003
- high-ranking official;
- skeletal pathology, Turkey
A male human skeleton from Thrace dated at around 320 BC was found in a wealthy tomb 12 km from what is now Tekirdağ, Turkey. The occupant of the tomb died at the age of 40–45 years and has a pathologic left humerus caused most probably by traumatic injury. It is 9 cm shorter than the right humerus. A drainage fistula penetrating into the medullary cavity occurs at its proximal end. Due to severe arthritic destruction, the left humeral head has completely lost normal articulation, with the glenoid cavity of the left scapula displaying, in turn, severe erosive lesions and important reduction in its articular surface. A marked abscess is discernible bilaterally on the chondro-costal sternal end. The individual also has a hip with a total sacroiliac joint fusion and shows slight or moderately developed exostoses on different parts of his skeleton. These joint destructions most likely indicate that he suffered from chronic osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.