Disclosure: The authors declared no conflict of interest.
Implication of high-body-fat percentage on cardiometabolic risk in middle-aged, healthy, normal-weight adults
Article first published online: 9 APR 2013
Copyright © 2012 The Obesity Society
Volume 21, Issue 8, pages 1571–1577, August 2013
How to Cite
Kim, J. Y., Han, S.-H. and Yang, B.-M. (2013), Implication of high-body-fat percentage on cardiometabolic risk in middle-aged, healthy, normal-weight adults. Obesity, 21: 1571–1577. doi: 10.1002/oby.20020
- Issue published online: 22 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 9 APR 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 28 AUG 2012 10:57AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 3 OCT 2011
This study investigated the number of Korean adults who had a normal body mass index (BMI) but high body-fat percentage (BF%) and determined their increased risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, including high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia.
Design and Methods
This cross-sectional study was based on 12,386 subjects (6,534 men and 5,852 women), with a normal BMI, between 30 and 49 years of age. Subjects were categorized into two groups by BF% (normal BF% group, BF% <25 for men, and BF% <30 for women; high BF(%) group, BF% ≥25 for men, and BF% ≥30 for women).
The proportion of subjects with a normal BMI and high BF% was 12.7% (n = 1,572; 291 [4.5%] men and 1,281 [21.9%] women). Subjects with a high BF% had a significantly higher prevalence of high blood pressure (men only), hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that subjects with a normal BMI and high BF% had a 1.63 (adjusted odds ratio, 95% confidence interval: 1.21–2.19) in men and 1.56 (adjusted odds ratio, 95% confidence interval: 1.36–1.80) in women increased risk of one or more cardiovascular risk factors compared to subjects in the normal BMI and normal BF% group, even after adjusting for abdominal obesity.
High BF% is associated with a high cardiometabolic risks, regardless of abdominal obesity, in normal-weight Korean adults. Thus, follow-up screening of those with a high BF% may be necessary to detect and prevent cardiometabolic diseases, particularly for women with a normal BMI.