Accelerated gastric emptying that precipitates hunger and frequent eating could be a potential factor in the development of obesity. The aim of this study was to study gastric emptying in diet-induced obese-prone (DIO-P) and DIO-resistant (DIO-R) rats and explore possible differences in electrical properties of calcium (Ca2+) and potassium (K+) channels of antral circular smooth muscle cells (SMCs).
Design and Methods:
Whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to measure Ca2+ and K+ currents in single SMCs. Gastric emptying was evaluated 90 min after the ingestion of a solid meal.
Solid gastric emptying in the DIO-P rats was significantly faster compared with that in the DIO-R rats. The peak amplitude of L-type Ca2+ current (IBa,L) at 10 mV in DIO-P rats was greater than that in DIO-R rats without alternation of the current–voltage curve and voltage-dependent activation and inactivation. The half-maximal inactivation voltage of transient outward K+ current (IKto) was more depolarized (∼4 mV) in DIO-P rats compared with that in DIO-R rats. No difference was found in the current density or recovery kinetics of IKto between two groups. The current density of delayed rectifier K+ current (IKdr), which was sensitive to tetraethylammonium chloride but not 4-aminopyridine, was lower in DIO-P rats than that in DIO-R rats.
The accelerated gastric emptying in DIO-P rats might be attributed to a higher density of IBa,L, depolarizing shift of inactivation curve of IKto and lower density of IKdr observed in the antral SMCs of DIO-P rats.