SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Bergman RN, Stefanovski D, Buchanan TA, et al. A better index of body adiposity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011; 19: 1083-1089.
  • 2
    Barreira TV, Harrington DM, Staiano AE, et al. Body adiposity index, body mass index, and body fat in white and black adults. JAMA 2011; 306: 828-830.
  • 3
    Freedman DS, Thornton J, Pi-Sunyer FX, et al. The body adiposity index (hip circumference/height(⁁1.5)) is not a more accurate measure of adiposity than is BMI, waist circumference, or hip circumference. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2012: 2438-2444.
  • 4
    Heitmann BL, Lissner L. Hip Hip Hurrah! Hip size inversely related to heart disease and total mortality. Obes Rev 2011; 12: 478-481.
  • 5
    Molarius A, Seidell JC. Selection of anthropometric indicators for classification of abdominal fatness—a critical review. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1998; 22: 719-727.
  • 6
    Canoy D. Coronary heart disease and body fat distribution. Curr Atheroscler Rep 2010; 12: 125-133.
  • 7
    Schulze MB, Heidemann C, Schienkiewitz A, et al. Comparison of anthropometric characteristics in predicting the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the EPIC-Potsdam study. Diabetes Care 2006; 29: 1921-1923.
  • 8
    Taylor AE, Ebrahim S, Ben-Shlomo Y, et al. Comparison of the associations of body mass index and measures of central adiposity and fat mass with coronary heart disease, diabetes, and all-cause mortality: a study using data from 4 UK cohorts. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 91: 547-556.
  • 9
    National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC). National health and examination nutrition survey. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nh3data.htm (accessed May 13, 2011).
  • 10
    National Center for Health Statistics (US). Plan and operation of the third national health and nutrition examination survey, 1988–94. No. 32. Natl Ctr for Health Statistics, 1994.
  • 11
    US Department of Health and Human Services. National center for health statistics. The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1996: Washington, DC.
  • 12
    US Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics. NHANES III Anthropometric Procedure Video, Stock no. 017-022-01355-5. 1996; US Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.
  • 13
    van der Ploeg GE, Gunn SM, Withers RT, et al. Use of anthropometric variables to predict relative body fat determined by a four-compartment body composition model. Eur J Clin Nutr 2003; 57: 1009-1016.
  • 14
    Brodie D, Moscrip V, Hutcheon R. Body composition measurement: a review of hydrodensitometry, anthropometry, and impedance methods. Nutrition 1998; 14: 296-310.
  • 15
    Himes J. Prevalence of individuals with skinfolds too large to measure. Am J Public Health 2001; 91: 154.
  • 16
    Westat Inc. National health and nutrition examination survey iii: weighting and estimation methodology. Available at: http://archive.nlm.nih.gov/proj/dxpnet/nhanes/docs/doc/nhanes_analysis/wgt_exec.pdf (Accessed August 9, 2011) 1996.
  • 17
    Friedewald W, Levy R, Fredrickson D. Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem 1972; 18: 499-502.
  • 18
    Carroll MD, Lacher DA, Sorlie PD, et al. Trends in serum lipids and lipoproteins of adults, 1960-2002. JAMA 2005; 294: 1773-1781.
  • 19
    Chumlea NC, Kuczmarski RJ. Using a bony landmark to measure waist circumference. J Am Diet Assoc 1995; 95: 12.
  • 20
    Clarys JP, Provyn S, Marfell-Jones MJ. Cadaver studies and their impact on the understanding of human adiposity. Ergonomics 2005; 48: 1445-1461.
  • 21
    Johnson CL, Rifkind BM, Sempos CT, et al. Declining serum total cholesterol levels among US adults. The national health and nutrition examination surveys. JAMA 1993; 269: 3002-3008.
  • 22
    Myers GL, Cooper GR, Winn CL, et al. The centers for disease control-national heart, lung and blood institute lipid standardization program. An approach to accurate and precise lipid measurements. Clin Lab Med 1989; 9: 105-135.
  • 23
    National Center for Health Statistics. Reference manuals and reports (on CD-ROM). Centers for disease control and prevention. NHANES III 1988-94. 1996: Hyattsville, MD.
  • 24
    Expert panel on the detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults. Executive summary of the third report of the national cholesterol education program (ATP III). JAMA 2001; 285: 2486-2497.
  • 25
    Alberti KG, Eckel RH, Grundy SM, et al. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the international diabetes federation task force on epidemiology and prevention; national heart, lung, and blood institute; American heart association; world heart federation; international atherosclerosis society; and international association for the study of obesity. Circulation 2009; 120: 1640-1645.
  • 26
    Lumley T. Complex surveys: a guide to analysis using R. Hoboken, N.J. Wiley, 2010.
  • 27
    R Development Core Team. R: a language and environment for statistical computing (version 2.15.0). R foundation for statistical computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0. Available at: http:/www.r-project.org/ 2012.
  • 28
    Everitt B. An R and S-PLUS companion to multivariate analysis. London: Springer, 2005.
  • 29
    Freedman DS, Blanck HM, Dietz WH, et al. Is the body adiposty index (hip circumference / height⁁1.5) more strongly related to skinfold thicknesses and risk factor levels among 18- to 49-year-olds: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Br J Nutr (In Press) 2012. Apr 13: 1–8 [epub ahead of print]. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512000979.
  • 30
    Flegal KM. Ratio of actual to predicted weight as an alternative to a power-type weight-height index (Benn index). Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 51: 540-547.
  • 31
    Benn RT. Some mathematical properties of weight-for-height indices used as measures of adiposity. Br J Prev Soc Med 1971; 25: 42-50.
  • 32
    Schulze MB, Stefan N. The body adiposity index and the sexual dimorphism in body fat. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011; 19: 1729.
  • 33
    Johnson W, Chumlea WC, Czerwinski SA, et al. Concordance of the recently published body adiposity index with measured body fat percent in European-American adults. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011: 900-903.
  • 34
    Elisha B, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Messier V, et al. Relationship between the body adiposity index and cardiometabolic risk factors in obese postmenopausal women. Eur J Nutr 2012, [epub ahead of print].
  • 35
    Hsieh SD, Muto T. The superiority of waist-to-height ratio as an anthropometric index to evaluate clustering of coronary risk factors among non-obese men and women. Prev Med 2005; 40: 216-220.
  • 36
    Wormser D, Kaptoge S, Di Angelantonio E, et al. Separate and combined associations of body-mass index and abdominal adiposity with cardiovascular disease: collaborative analysis of 58 prospective studies. Lancet 2011; 377: 1085-1095.
  • 37
    Canoy D, Wareham N, Luben R, et al. Serum lipid concentration in relation to anthropometric indices of central and peripheral fat distribution in 20,021 British men and women: results from the EPIC-Norfolk population-based cohort study. Atherosclerosis 2006; 189: 420-427.
  • 38
    Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, et al. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. JAMA 2010; 303: 235-241.
  • 39
    Lohman TG, Roche AF, Martorell R. Anthropometric standardization reference manual. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Books, 1988.
  • 40
    Ulijaszek SJ, Kerr DA. Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status. Br J Nutr 1999; 82: 165-177.