Family-based hip-hop to health: Outcome results

Authors

  • Marian L. Fitzgibbon,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    2. School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    • Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA; School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA;
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  • Melinda R. Stolley,

    1. Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Linda Schiffer,

    1. Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Angela Kong,

    1. Cancer Education and Career Development Program, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Carol L. Braunschweig,

    1. Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Sandra L. Gomez-Perez,

    1. Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Angela Odoms-Young,

    1. Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Linda Van Horn,

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Katherine Kaufer Christoffel,

    1. Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    2. Department of Pediatrics, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Alan R. Dyer

    1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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Abstract

Objective:

This pilot study tested the feasibility of Family-Based Hip-Hop to Health, a school-based obesity prevention intervention for 3–5-year-old Latino children and their parents, and estimated its effectiveness in producing smaller average changes in BMI at 1-year follow-up.

Design and Methods:

Four Head Start preschools administered through the Chicago Public Schools were randomly assigned to receive a Family-Based Intervention (FBI) or a General Health Intervention (GHI).

Results:

Parents signed consent forms for 147 of the 157 children enrolled. Both the school-based and family-based components of the intervention were feasible, but attendance for the parent intervention sessions was low. Contrary to expectations, a downtrend in BMI Z-score was observed in both the intervention and control groups.

Conclusions:

While the data reflect a downward trend in obesity among these young Hispanic children, obesity rates remained higher at 1-year follow-up (15%) than those reported by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009–2010) for 2–5-year-old children (12.1%). Developing evidence-based strategies for obesity prevention among Hispanic families remains a challenge.

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