Disclosure: The authors declared no conflict of interest.
Predictors of maternal child-feeding practices in an ethnically diverse sample and the relationship to child obesity
Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2013
Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society
Volume 21, Issue 8, pages 1676–1683, August 2013
How to Cite
Cachelin, F. M. and Thompson, D. (2013), Predictors of maternal child-feeding practices in an ethnically diverse sample and the relationship to child obesity. Obesity, 21: 1676–1683. doi: 10.1002/oby.20385
- Issue online: 22 AUG 2013
- Version of Record online: 11 JUN 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 21 MAR 2013 05:14AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 9 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 2 APR 2012
To investigate the relationship between maternal child-feeding practices and child adiposity in an ethnically diverse sample by examining three categories of relationships: 1) mothers' weight status; 2) mothers' investment in eating-related issues; and 3) mothers' concerns about child's weight. It was predicted that these variables would be related to mothers' use of restriction, monitoring, and pressure in child feeding, influencing child adiposity.
Design and Methods
A total of 563 mothers (306 Hispanic, 76 Asian, 36 Black, and 145 White) with children aged 2-11 years completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire and Eating Attitudes Test. Analyses used structural equation modeling.
Ethnic differences in the resulting models emerged. Mothers' weight status negatively predicted maternal control over child's eating; heavier mothers reported less control over child's eating. Greater concern about child's weight was associated with more maternal control of child's eating for all groups. Maternal control over child's eating was predictive of child's body mass index only in the White group.
Although maternal investment in eating-related issues did predict maternal control over child's eating for White mothers, this relationship did not exist for Hispanics. Different maternal factors influence mothers' control over their child's eating in Hispanic and White groups. In ethnic minorities, maternal control over child's eating may not influence child adiposity.