• 1
    USDHHS. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee final report. www.
  • 2
    Giovannucci E, Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Physical activity, obesity, and risk for colon cancer and adenoma in men. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:327-334.
  • 3
    Balkau B, Vierron E, Vernay M, et al. The impact of 3-year changes in lifestyle habits on metabolic syndrome parameters: the D.E.S.I.R study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2006;13:334-340.
  • 4
    Williams PT, Wood PD. The effects of changing exercise levels on weight and age-related weight gain. Int J Obes (Lond) 2006;30:543-551.
  • 5
    Kyle UG, Melzer K, Kayser B, Picard-Kossovsky M, Gremion G, Pichard C. Eight year longitudinal changes in body composition in healthy Swiss adults. J Am Coll Nutr 2006;25:493-501.
  • 6
    Kyle UG, Zhang FF, Morabia A, Pichard C. Longitudinal study of body composition changes associated with weight change and physical activity. Nutrition 2006;22:1103-1111.
  • 7
    Schroeder TE, Hawkins SA, Hyslop D, Vallejo AF, Jensky NE, Wiswell RA. Longitudinal change in coronary heart disease risk factors in older runners. Age Ageing 2007;36:57-62.
  • 8
    Droyvold WB, Holmen J, Midthjell K, Lydersen S. BMI change and leisure time physical activity (LTPA): an 11-y follow-up study in apparently healthy men aged 20-69 y with normal weight at baseline. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004;28:410-417.
  • 9
    Wang BW, Ramey DR, Schettler JD, Hubert HB, Fries JF. Postponed development of disability in elderly runners: a 13-year longitudinal study. Arch Intern Med 2002;162:2285-2294.
  • 10
    Murray LA, Reilly JJ, Choudhry M, Durnin JV. A longitudinal study of changes in body composition and basal metabolism in physically active elderly men. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1996;72:215-218.
  • 11
    Mozaffarian D, Hao T, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Hu FB. Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men. N Engl J Med 2011;364:2392-2404.
  • 12
    Petersen L, Schnohr P, Sørensen TI. Longitudinal study of the long-term relation between physical activity and obesity in adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004;28:105.
  • 13
    Bak H, Petersen L, Sørensen TI. Physical activity in relation to development and maintenance of obesity in men with and without juvenile onset obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004;28:99-104.
  • 14
    Mortensen LH, Siegler IC, Barefoot JC, Grønbaek M, Sørensen TI. Prospective associations between sedentary lifestyle and BMI in midlife. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2006;14:1462-1471.
  • 15
    Lakerveld J, Dunstan D, Bot S, et al. Abdominal obesity, TV-viewing time and prospective declines in physical activity. Prev Med 2011;53:299-302. Epub 2011 Jul 23.
  • 16
    Gómez-Ambrosi J, Silva C, Galofré JC, et al. Body mass index classification misses subjects with increased cardiometabolic risk factors related to elevated adiposity. Int J Obes (Lond) 2012;36:286-294.
  • 17
    Romero-Corral A, Somers VK, Sierra-Johnson J, et al. Accuracy of body mass index in diagnosing obesity in the adult general population. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008;32:959-966. Epub 2008 Feb 19.
  • 18
    Sallis JF, Saelens BE. Assessment of physical activity by self-report: status, limitations, and future directions. Res Q Exerc Sport 2000;71(Suppl 2):S1-S14.
  • 19
    Herrmann SD, Barreira TV, Kang M, Ainsworth BE. Impact of accelerometer wear time on physical activity data: a NHANES semisimulation data approach. Br J Sports Med 2012. [Epub ahead of print].
  • 20
    Breneman CB, Tucker LA. Dietary fibre consumption and insulin resistance—the role of body fat and physical activity. Br J Nutr 2012;doi:10.1017/S0007114512004953
  • 21
    Tucker LA, Tucker JM. Television viewing and obesity in 300 women: evaluation of the pathways of energy intake and physical activity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011;19:1950-1956.
  • 22
    Tucker LA, Peterson TR. Objectively measured intensity of physical activity and adiposity in middle-aged women. Obes Res 2003;11:1581-1587.
  • 23
    Nokes NR, Tucker LA. Changes in hip bone mineral density and objectively measured physical activity in middle age women: a 6-year prospective study. Am J Health Promot 2012;26:341-347.
  • 24
    LeCheminant JD, Tucker LA, Russell K. Physical activity and C-reactive protein levels: the confounding role of body fat. J Phys Act Health 2011;8:481-487.
  • 25
    Davidson LE, Tucker LA, Peterson TR. Physical activity changes predict abdominal fat change in midlife women. J Phys Act Health 2010;7:316-322.
  • 26
    Bailey BW, Tucker LA, Peterson TR, LeCheminant JD. A prospective study of physical activity intensity and change in adiposity in middle-aged women. Am J Health Promot 2007;21:492-497.
  • 27
    LeCheminant JD, Tucker LA, Bailey BW, Peterson TR. The relationship between intensity of physical activity and HDL cholesterol in 272 women. J Phys Act Health 2005;3:333-344.
  • 28
    LeCheminant JD, Tucker LA, Peterson TR, Bailey BW. Differences in body fat percentage measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and the Bod Pod in 100 women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001;33:S174.
  • 29
    Bailey BW, Tucker LA, Peterson TR, LeCheminant JD, Test-retest reliability of body fat percentage results using dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry and the Bod Pod. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001;33:S174.
  • 30
    Cotton RT. Testing and Evaluation. In C Bryant, D Green (Eds.), ACE Personal Trainer Manual: The Ultimate Resource for Fitness Professionals, third edition. San Diego, CA: American Council on Exercise; 2003, p 188.
  • 31
    Buchowski MS, Choi L, Majchrzak KM, Acra S, Mathews CE, Chen KY. Seasonal changes in amount and patterns of physical activity in women. J Phys Act Health 2009;6:252-261.
  • 32
    Sewell L, Singh SJ, Williams JE, Morgan MD. Seasonal variations affect physical activity and pulmonary rehabilitation outcomes. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2010;30:329-333.
  • 33
    De Lorenzo A, Martinoli R, Vaia F, Di Renzo L. Normal weight obese (NWO) women: an evaluation of a candidate new syndrome. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2006;16:513-523.
  • 34
    Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Ogden CL. Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among US adults, 1999-2010. JAMA 2012;307:491-497.
  • 35
    Tucker JM, Welk GJ, Beyler NK. Physical Activity in U.S. Adults: compliance with the physical activity guidelines for Americans. Am J Prev Med 2011;40:405-410.