Disclosure: There are no identified financial conflicts of interest for any author in regards to this manuscript or its content.
Meal skipping linked to increased visceral adipose tissue and triglycerides in overweight minority youth
Article first published online: 2 DEC 2013
Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society
Volume 22, Issue 5, pages E77–E84, May 2014
How to Cite
House, B. T., Cook, L. T., Gyllenhammer, L. E., Schraw, J. M., Goran, M. I., Spruijt-Metz, D., Weigensberg, M. J. and Davis, J. N. (2014), Meal skipping linked to increased visceral adipose tissue and triglycerides in overweight minority youth. Obesity, 22: E77–E84. doi: 10.1002/oby.20487
Author contributions: DSM, MW, JD, and MG designed and supervised the various research studies used in this analyses; DSM, MW, JD, MG obtained the funding; BH, JS, JD, LG, and LC analyzed data; BH and JD wrote the paper; All authors contributed to editing the manuscript; BH and JD had primary responsibility for the final content presented. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
- Issue published online: 1 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 2 DEC 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 24 APR 2013 03:23AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 15 JAN 2013
- National institutes of Health Research Facilities Improvement Program. Grant Numbers: RR10600-01, CA625258-01, RR14514-10
- National Center for Research Resources
- National Institute of Cancer
- University of Southern California Center for Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer. Grant Number: U54 CA 116848
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Grant Number: RO1 HD/HL 33064
- Minority Health Research Center of Excellence NCHMD. Grant Number: P60 MD002254
- National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Grant Number: R01 HL07953
- Dr. Robert C. and Veronica Atkins Foundation
- National Institute of Diabetes
- Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Grant Number: 1K01DK078858-01
- University of Southern California
To investigate the impact of eating frequency on dietary intake, physical activity (PA), metabolic, and adiposity measures in minority youth.
This analysis included 185 overweight (≥85th BMI percentile) Hispanic and African-American youth (8-18 years) with the following cross-sectional measures: height, weight, BMI, dietary intake, body composition, metabolic parameters, PA, visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue. Each eating occasion (EO) was defined as ≥50 calories and ≥15 minutes from any previous EO. Participants were dichotomized based on EOs per 24-h into meal skippers <3 EO (MS; n = 27) or normal/frequent eaters ≥3 EO (NFE; n = 158). ANCOVAs were used to assess dietary intakes, metabolic outcomes, adiposity, and PA between eating frequency groups.
MS compared to NFE consumed 24% fewer calories per 24-h (P ≤ 0.01), 21% more calories per EO (P ≤ 0.01), ate 40% less often (P ≤ 0.01), had 18% higher triglycerides (P = 0.03), and 26% more VAT (P = 0.03), with no differences in PA.
Although meal skipping was associated with decreased energy intake, it was linked to increased calories per EO and higher triglycerides and VAT, which are strong indicators of deleterious metabolic profiles. These findings elucidate that meal skipping may be associated with increased VAT and related metabolic diseases in high-risk minority youth.