Disclosure: The authors declared no conflict of interest.
Cross-sectional associations of objectively measured physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and anthropometry in European adults
Article first published online: 13 AUG 2013
Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society
Volume 22, Issue 5, pages E127–E134, May 2014
How to Cite
Wientzek, A., Tormo Díaz, M.-J., Castaño, J. M. H., Amiano, P., Arriola, L., Overvad, K., Østergaard, J. N., Charles, M.-A., Fagherazzi, G., Palli, D., Bendinelli, B., Skeie, G., Borch, K. B., Wendel-Vos, W., de Hollander, E., May, A. M., den Ouden, M. E., Trichopoulou, A., Valanou, E., Söderberg, S., Franks, P. W., Brage, S., Vigl, M., Boeing, H. and Ekelund, U. (2014), Cross-sectional associations of objectively measured physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and anthropometry in European adults. Obesity, 22: E127–E134. doi: 10.1002/oby.20530
Author contributions: UE designed the study, UE, PF, SB, HB, MJTD, JMHC, LA, KO, MAC, DP, KBB, WWV, AMM, and AT, were involved in data collection. AW did the literature research, analyzed the data, interpreted it, and generated the figures. All authors were involved in writing the paper and had final approval of the submitted and published versions.
- Issue published online: 1 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 13 AUG 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 26 JUN 2013 12:19PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 29 JAN 2013
To quantify the independent associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and anthropometry in European men and women.
2,056 volunteers from 12 centers across Europe were fitted with a heart rate and movement sensor at 2 visits 4 months apart for a total of 8 days. CRF (ml/kg/min) was estimated from an 8 minute ramped step test. A cross-sectional analysis of the independent associations between objectively measured PA (m/s2/d), moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (%time/d), sedentary time (%time/d), CRF, and anthropometry using sex stratified multiple linear regression was performed.
In mutually adjusted models, CRF, PA, and MVPA were inversely associated with all anthropometric markers in women. In men, CRF, PA, and MVPA were inversely associated with BMI, whereas only CRF was significantly associated with the other anthropometric markers. Sedentary time was positively associated with all anthropometric markers, however, after adjustment for CRF significant in women only.
CRF, PA, MVPA, and sedentary time are differently associated with anthropometric markers in men and women. CRF appears to attenuate associations between PA, MVPA, and sedentary time. These observations may have implications for prevention of obesity.