Dinner rituals that correlate with child and adult BMI
Version of Record online: 19 DEC 2013
Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society
Volume 22, Issue 5, pages E91–E95, May 2014
How to Cite
Wansink, B. and van Kleef, E. (2014), Dinner rituals that correlate with child and adult BMI. Obesity, 22: E91–E95. doi: 10.1002/oby.20629
- Issue online: 1 MAY 2014
- Version of Record online: 19 DEC 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 1 OCT 2013 07:00AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 5 APR 2013
What predicts whether a child will be at risk for obesity? Whereas past research has focused on foods, eating habits, feeding styles, and family meal patterns, this study departs from a food-centric approach to examine how various dinner rituals might influence the BMIs of children and adults.
In this study of 190 parents (BMI = 29.1 ± 7.2) and 148 children (BMI = 20.3 ± 4.4), the relationship between their BMIs and everyday family dinner rituals was examined using both correlation and regression analysis (controlled for educational level of parents).
Families who frequently ate dinner in the kitchen or dining room had significantly lower BMIs for both adults (r = −0.31) and children (r = −0.24) compared to families who ate elsewhere. Additionally, helping cook dinner was associated with higher BMI for girls (r = 0.26), and remaining at the table until everyone is finished with eating was associated with lower BMI for boys (r = −0.31).
Dinner tables may be one place where social support and family involvement meet—both of which relate to the BMI of children as well as parents. Family meals and their rituals might be an underappreciated battleground to fight obesity.