Funding: This study was funded by the Breast Cancer Research Foundation and a grant (R01-DK084001) from the National Institutes of Health.
Association of sports drinks with weight gain among adolescents and young adults
Version of Record online: 13 JUL 2014
Copyright © 2014 The Obesity Society
Volume 22, Issue 10, pages 2238–2243, October 2014
How to Cite
Field, A. E., Sonneville, K. R., Falbe, J., Flint, A., Haines, J., Rosner, B. and Camargo, C. A. (2014), Association of sports drinks with weight gain among adolescents and young adults. Obesity, 22: 2238–2243. doi: 10.1002/oby.20845
Disclosure: Dr. Flint has a grant from the General Mills company. Drs. Field, Sonneville, Flint, Haines, Rosner, and Camargo are supported by grants from the National Institutes for Health. Dr. Sonneville is also supported by a grant from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare
- Issue online: 26 SEP 2014
- Version of Record online: 13 JUL 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 1 MAY 2014
- Manuscript Received: 24 MAR 2014
Sales of regular soda were declining, but sales of other sweetened beverages, such as sports drinks, were increasing. Our objective was to determine the prospective associations between sports drinks and body mass index (BMI) gains among adolescents and young adults.
4121 females and 3438 males in the Growing Up Today Study II, aged 9-16 in 2004, from across the United States were followed prospectively. Data were collected by questionnaire in 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2011. Servings per day of various beverages were assessed with a food frequency questionnaire.
Among the girls, each serving per day of sports drink predicted an increase of 0.3 BMI units (95% confidence interval (CI) CI 0.03-0.54) more than their peers over the next 2-3 years. Among the males, each serving of sports drinks predicted a 0.33 BMI (95% CI 0.09, 0.66) increase. In addition, boys who increased their intake over the 2-3 year interval gained significantly more than their peers during the same time interval.
Intake of sports drinks predicted larger increases in BMI among both females and males. Our results suggest that school policies focused on obesity prevention should be augmented to restrict sports drinks.