Doubly charged ion mass spectra have been obtained for 15 n-alkane hydrocarbons. Spectra were measured using a Nier-Johnson geometry Hitachi RMU-7L mass spectrometer operated at 1.6kV accelerating voltage. Fragment ions, which resulted from CC bond rupture and extensive H loss, dominated the spectra. Molecular ions have not been observed. The most intense ions in the doubly charged ion mass spectra of n-alkanes were [C2H4]2+, [C3H2]2+, [C4H3]2+, [C5H2]2+, [C6H6]2+, [C6H8]2+, [C7H6]2+, [C7H8]2+, [C8H6]2+ and [C8H8]2+. Appearance energies for forming the prominent doubly charged fragment ions have been measured and range from 27.5 eV to energies greater than 60eV. A geometry optimized SCF approach has been used to compute the energies and structures of prominent ions in the doubly charged mass spectra.