Separation of CO2. Microporous polyurethane networks were prepared based on a renewable resource. Betulin, extracted from birch bark, is used as a structure-directing diol monomer in A3-B2 monomers. The resulting microporous networks show very promising CO2/N2 selectivities. The state of adsorbed CO2 is analyzed by in situ NMR spectroscopy, and pure physisorption is proven. The preparation of monolithic materials is demonstrated as well.