From refuge to refugee: the African case
Article first published online: 15 MAY 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Public Administration and Development
Special Issue: African Governance and Civil Society Equity, Efficiency and Participation
Volume 21, Issue 2, pages 159–170, May 2001
How to Cite
Geisler, C. and De Sousa, R. (2001), From refuge to refugee: the African case. Public Admin. Dev., 21: 159–170. doi: 10.1002/pad.158
- Issue published online: 15 MAY 2001
- Article first published online: 15 MAY 2001
Human security and environmental security, often reinforcing, can be at odds. One instance arises when greenlining, the creation or expansion of relatively exclusionary protected areas, leads to the mass displacement of local communities and the creation of a new variant of ‘environmental refugees’. The present research employs several methods to estimate the magnitude of environmental refugees in Africa and suggests that they number in the millions. Country-specific case studies are offered to lend historical context to these estimates. Environmentally oriented land reform is proposed as a partial mitigation for the social side effects of greenlining, and is briefly described in African and other settings. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.