SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Ai, C., & Norton, E. C. (2003). Interaction terms in logit and probit models. Economic Letters, 80, 123129.
  • Allison, P. D. (1995). Survival analysis using the SAS system: A practical guide. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.
  • Azrin, S. T., Huskamp, H. A., Azzone, V., Goldman, H. H., Frank, R. G., Burnam, M. A., et al. (2007). Impact of full mental health and substance abuse parity for children in the federal employees health benefits program. Pediatrics, 119, 452459.
  • Bloom, J. R., Hu, T. W., Wallace, N., Cuffel, B. J., Hausman, J. W., Sheu, M. L., et al. (2002). Mental health costs and access under alternative capitation systems in Colorado. Health Services Research, 37, 315340.
  • Bloom, J. R., Wallace, N., Hausman, J. W., Hu, T. W., & Cuffel B. J. (2002). Two-year outcomes of fee-for-service and capitated Medicaid programs for people with severe mental illness. Health Services Research, 37, 341359.
  • Brisson, A. S. (2000). Changes in a MBHC carve-out: Impact on MH/SA spending and utilization. (Unpublished manuscript).
  • Busch, S. H. (2002). Specialty health care, treatment patterns and quality: A case study of treatment for depression. Health Services Research, 37, 15831601.
  • Busch, A. B., Frank, R.G., & Lehman, A. F. (2004). The effect of a managed behavioral health care carve-out on quality of care for Medicaid patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 442448.
  • Busch, A. B., Huskamp, H. A., Normand, S. T., Young, A. S., Goldman, H. H., & Frank, R. G. (2006). The impact of parity on major depression treatment quality in the federal employees' health benefits program after parity implementation. Medical Care, 44, 506512.
  • Burns, B. J., Teagle, S. E., & Schwartz, M. (1999). Managed behavioral health care: A Medicaid carve-out for youth. Health Affairs, 18, 214225.
  • Burnam, M. A., & Escarce, J. J. (1999). Equity in managed care for mental disorders. Health Affairs, 18, 2231.
  • Cao, Z. (2002). Comparing pre-HMO enrollment costs between stayers and switchers: Medicare evidence of service-level selection. (Unpublished manuscript).
  • Callahan, J. J., Shepard, D. S., Beinecke, R. H., Larson M. J., & Cavanaugh, D. (1995). Mental health/substance abuse treatment in managed care: The Massachusetts Medicaid experience. Health Affairs, 14, 173184.
  • Christianson, J. B., Manning, W. G., Lurie, N., Stoner, T. J., Gray, D. Z., Popkin, M., et al. (1995). Utah's prepaid mental health plan: The first year. Health Affairs, 14, 160172.
  • Deb, P. J., Wilcox-Gok, V., Homes, A., & Rubin, J. (1996). Choice of health insurance by family of the mentally ill. Health Economics, 5, 6176.
  • Ellis, R. P. (1988). The effect of prior year health expenditures on health coverage plan choice. In R. M.Scheffler & L.F.Rossiter (Eds.), Advances in health economics and health services research (pp. 149170). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
  • Flynn, W. E. (2001). Congressional hearing statement before the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions , July 11.
  • Frank, R. G., Goldman, H. H., & McGuire, T. G. (2001). Will parity in coverage result in better mental health care? New England Journal of Medicine, 345, 17011704.
  • Frank, R. G., Glazer, J., & McGuire, T. G. (2000). Measuring adverse selection in managed health care. Journal of Health Economics, 19, 829854.
  • Frank, R. G., & McGuire, T. G. (1997). Savings from a Medicaid carve-out for mental health and substance abuse care. Psychiatric Services, 48, 11471152.
  • Goldman, H. H., Frank, R. G., Burnam, M. A., Huskamp, H. A., Ridgely, M. S., Normand, S. T., et al. (2006). Behavioral health insurance parity for federal employees. New England Journal of Medicine, 354, 13781386.
  • Goldman, W. J., McCulloch, J., & Sturm, R. (1998). Costs and use of mental health services before and after managed care. Health Affairs, 17, 4052.
  • Grazier, K. L., Eselius, L. L., Hu, T. W., Shore, K. K., & G'Snell, W. A. (1999). Effects of a mental health carve-out on use, costs and payers: A four-year study. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 26, 381389.
  • Hennessy, K. D., & Goldman, H. H. (2001). Full parity: Steps toward treatment equity for mental and addictive disorders. Health Affairs, 20, 5867.
  • Huskamp, H. A. (1999). Episodes of mental health and substance abuse treatment under a managed behavioral health care carve-out. Inquiry, 36, 147161.
  • Hustead, E., Sharfstein, S. S., Muszynski, S., Brady, J. & Cahill, J. (1985). Reductions in coverage for mental and nervous illness in the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program 1980–1984. American Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 181186.
  • Liang, K., & Zeger, S. L. (1986). Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models. Biometrika, 73, 1322.
  • Ma, C. A., & McGuire, T. M. (1998). Costs and incentives in a behavioral health care carve out. Health Affairs, 17, 5369.
  • Ma, C. A., & McGuire, T. M. (2002). Network incentives in managed health care. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 11, 135.
  • Manning, W. G., & Liu, C. F. (1999). Outcomes for Medicaid beneficiaries with schizophrenia under a pre-paid mental health carve-out. Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 26, 442450.
  • Manning, W. G., Wells, K., & Buchanan, J. (1989). Effects of mental health insurance: Evidence from the health insurance experiment. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.
  • Merrick, E. (1998). Treatment of major depression before and after implementation of a behavioral health carve-out plan. Psychiatric Services, 49, 15631567.
  • Newhouse, J. P. (1993). Free for all? Lessons from the RAND health insurance experiment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Newhouse, J. P. (1989). Adjusting capitation rates using objective health measures and prior utilization. Health Care Financing Review, 10, 4154.
  • Oss, M. E., Jardine, E. L.,& Pesare, M. J. (2003). Open minds yearbook of managed behavioral health and employee assistance program market share in the U.S. 2002–2003. Gettysburg, PA: Open Minds Publication.
  • Padgett, D. K., Patrick, C., & Burns, B. J. (1993). The effect of insurance benefit changes and use of child and adolescent outpatient mental health services. Medical Care, 32, 96110.
  • Perneger, T. V., Allaz, A. F., Etter, J. F., & Rougemont, A. (1995). Mental health and choice between managed care and indemnity health insurance. American Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 10201025.
  • Price, J. R., & Mays, J. W. (1985). Biased selection in the federal employees health benefits program. Inquiry, 22, 6777.
  • Ray, W. A., Daugherty, J. R., & Meador, K. G. (2003). Effect of a mental health “carve-out” program on the continuity of antipsychotic therapy. New England Journal of Medicine, 348, 18851894.
  • Stoner, T., & Manning, W. G. (1997). Expenditures for mental health services in Utah's pre-paid mental health plan. Health Care Financing Review, 18, 7393.
  • Sturm, R. (1999). Tracking changes in behavioral health services: How have carve-outs changed care? Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research, 26, 360371.
  • Sturm, R., McGlynn, E. A., & Meredith, L. S. (1994). Switches between prepaid and fee-for-service health systems among depressed outpatients: Results from the medical outcomes study. Medical Care, 32, 91729.
  • U.S. General Accounting Office (2000). Mental Health Parity Act: Despite new federal standards, mental health benefits remain limited. Publication: GAO/HEHS-00-05.
  • U.S. Office of Personnel Management. (2000). Call letter for contract year 2001—Policy guidance. Published as FEHB Program Carrier Letter No. 2000-17. Washington, D.C.