Modeling, simulation and control a hydraulic servo system



Hydraulic actuators are widely used in industrial applications due to several advantages like large force and torque, high power to weight ratio, rapid and accurate response. In this paper a nonlinear model of a hydraulic servo system is developed by means of the associated differential equations and then simulated using Matlab techniques. The model describes the behavior of a servo system FESTO TP511 with MOOG-DDV633 servovalve and includes the nonlinearities of friction forces, valve dynamics, oil compressibility and load influence. The nonlinear model is used to design an optimal controller based on estimated state parameters through simulation. A digital control platform based on Atmel ATmega8535 microcontroller is used to compare the behavior of hydraulic system under PD and optimal control. The control platform was designed like an interface between PC and process: the control algorithm runs on PC and the digital platform assures amplifying, filtering and data communication functions. Both simulation and experimental results are provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed model and control method. (© 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)