An Enriched Biphasic Model for Solute Driven Degradation

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Abstract

Transport of solutes in porous materials plays an important role in many kinds of materials such as biological tissues, porous implants or even soils. In most of the cases the liquid phase in the pores acts as a solvent for one or more solutions. The motion of the solutions is driven by both, the advective and convective transport. The former is related to the fluid phase velocity whereas the letter follows the concentration gradient. The interactions between the solutes and the solid and liquid phase may influence the overall material behavior. Although the solutes often carry electrical charges this paper is focused on neutrally charged solutions. In this contribution the model to describe the solute transport in a fluid saturated porous material is based on the well founded Theory of Porous Media. We will present the basic framework and the governing equations. Finally, we will show a three dimensional numerical example of the solute driven degradation of a skull implant. (© 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

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