On the interrelation between dissipation and chemical energies in modeling shape memory alloys



We use the principle of maximum dissipation for thermo-mechanically coupled modeling of poly-crystalline shape memory alloys (SMA). This modeling scheme demands approaches for both Helmholtz free energy and dissipation. For time-independent processes, dissipation is usually modeled by the norm of the internal variable's rate times a factor. We show that for SMAs this factor is not an additional modeling parameter. In contrast, it can be calculated from the Helmholtz free energy. This reduces the number of model parameters and provides furthermore an interesting effect of the model which allows to display the material behavior in an even more realistic manner. (© 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)