This paper will be a short presentation of the specialized literature and international standards about the importance of vibration action of portable machine tools on human body and particularly on the hand-arm system. Exposure to harmful vibrations can lead to health problems and disorders, especially in the upper joints and dorsal region of the human body. A detailed understanding of the undesirable effects of vibration on the human body is essential to achieve administrative and technical prevention. In modern times, vibration studies become more frequent, decisive for the many machines, vehicles and construction. (© 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)