A method of evaluating creep response of the multipass weld based on the micro-macro mechanics approach is introduced. Multipass weld microstructure that consists from columnar, coarse and fine grained zones is considered. Materials of these constituents assumed to be isotropic. Weld metal properties of inelastic behavior have general type of symmetry and are described by the anisotropic creep constitutive model.
To model the microstructure of the multipass weld metal the representative volume element (RVE) is created for CAE Abaqus. Material properties of weld metal grain type zones are taken from the experiments. Numerical tests on uniform loading of the RVE are performed. Creep material properties for equivalent weld material are found for welds with different number of passes. The symmetry type of the creep material properties of multi-pass weld are evaluated for the equivalent weld material. As an example of macro model analysis of the welding, the creep calculation of the cylindrical shell with the welding under the uniform inner pressure is performed. (© 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)