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Abstract

In this contribution, the previously proposed network evolution model [1] for carbon black filled elastomers is further studied. First, we show that the model does not contradict the second law of thermodynamics and is thus thermodynamically consistent. On the basis of new experimental data the influence of filler concentration on the material parameters is further examined. Accordingly, this influence concerns only three material parameters and is approximated by phenomenological relations. These relations enable one to simulate rubbers based on the same compound with various filler concentrations. Finally, the model is implemented into the FE-Software ABAQUS and illustrated by a number of numerical examples. The examples demonstrate good agreement with experimental results with respect to the Mullins-Effect, permanent set and induced anisotropy. (© 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)