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Abstract

We develop a micromechanical material model for phase transformation from austenite to bainite for a polycrystalline low alloys steel. In this material (e.g. 51CrV4) the phase changes from austenite to perlite-ferrite, bainite or martensite, respectively. This work is concerned with phase transformation between austenite and n-bainite variants in differently orientated grains. The characteristic features of bainite formation are the combination of time-dependent transformation kinetics and lattice shearing in the microstructure. These effects are considered on the microscale and transferred to the polycrystalline macroscale by means of homogenisation of stochastically orientated grains. (© 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)