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Abstract

Wave propagation is used in many fields for measurement and characterization. Corresponding multiphase models usually use a continuous approach. Nevertheless, systems like wetted rocks may be saturated residually in certain situations. In such cases, one fluid is distributed as clusters, each different in size and shape. One single, continuous phase cannot account for a variety of fluid clusters, either disconnected from each other or connected only about thin liquid films. Therefore, we present a model that considers a heterogeneous distribution of disconnected fluid clusters in the form of harmonic oscillators. These oscillators are described and distinguished by their mass, damping and eigenfrequency. Hence, the model allows to characterize different clusters and includes an additional damping mechanism due to oscillations of the fluid clusters. (© 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)