Polyethersulfone/polyacrylonitrile blend ultrafiltration membranes with different molecular weight of polyethylene glycol: preparation, morphology and antifouling properties

Authors

  • Mohammad Amirilargani,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Research Centre for Membrane Separation Processes, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, Tehran, Iran
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  • Anahid Sabetghadam,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Research Centre for Membrane Separation Processes, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, Tehran, Iran
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  • Toraj Mohammadi

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Research Centre for Membrane Separation Processes, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, Tehran, Iran
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, Research Centre for Membrane Separation Processes, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, Tehran, Iran.
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Abstract

Asymmetric ultrafiltration (UF) membranes were prepared from blends of polyethersulfone (PES)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) via phase inversion method induced by immersion precipitation. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) with four different molecular weights was used as pore former and hydrophilic polymeric additive. N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and water were used as solvent and coagulant (nonsolvent), respectively. The effects of different proportion of PES/PAN and molecular weight of PEG on morphology and performance of the prepared membranes were investigated. Performance of the membranes was evaluated using UF experiments of pure water and buffered bovine serum albumin (BSA) solution as feed. The contact angle measurements indicated that the hydrophilicities of PES/PAN membrane increase by increasing the PAN concentration in the casting solution. However, performance of the membranes improves by increasing the PAN concentration in the casting solution up to 20% and then decreases with further addition of PAN. It was found out that the rejection of BSA decreases with increasing the PAN concentration in the casting solution. Furthermore, it was found that the performance of the membranes increases by increasing the molecular weight of PEG up to 1500 Da and then decreases with the higher molecular weights. The morphology of the prepared membranes was studied by scanning electron microscopy. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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