• Monoclonal antibodies;
  • biliary epithelial cells


We have produced a range of monoclonal antibodies which stain human intrahepatic bile ducts of different sizes. Amongst 26 monoclonal antibodies produced, five clones reacted specifically with bile ducts of different sizes, of which three have been maintained in culture and their viability following freezing and thawing confirmed. Staining patterns varied between normal adult liver tissue, normal fetal liver tissue and a variety of hepatobiliary diseases. The antibodies provide further evidence of the immunological heterogeneity of the human intrahepatic biliary tree and support the hypothesis that proliferating bile ductules are derived from periseptal hepatocytes. The preparation of the antiboides, their staining reactions in normal adult, normal fetal and a variety of liver diseases are described.