There is no consensus on the immunization guidelines for immunocompromised children. Some recommendations are, however, available for children living in developed countries. The spectrum of infectious diseases is different in resource-poor countries. Vaccinations against some of these infections are not a part of the immunization schedule for children living in developed countries. We have tried to include vaccinations against diseases, which are still prevalent and a major cause of morbidity and mortality in resource-poor countries. In these guidelines, the focus has been on the vaccine-preventable diseases prevalent in Pakistan but the same can be applied to other resource-poor countries. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2010; 54:3–7. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.