Get access

Treatment results of the Ewing sarcoma of bone and prognostic factors




The purpose of this study is to assess the clinical outcome of patients with ESFT of the bone treated with the European Intergroup Cooperative Ewings Sarcoma Study (EICESS)-92 treatment protocol at a single center, and to identify prognostic factors.


Ninety-eight patients younger than 18 years of age, diagnosed with ESFT of the bone between 1992 and 2005, were analyzed retrospectively.


Eighty-seven patients were treated with the EICESS-92 protocol. The median follow-up was 105 ± 38 months. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) survival rate was 40%, the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 47%. For non-metastatic disease, the rates of 5-year EFS and OS were 45% and 51%. These rates were 18% and 27%, for metastatic disease. The 5-year EFS and OS rates were 17% and 30%, respectively for females. For males, theses rates were 45% and 48%. Of 87 patients, 52 were admitted with primary extremity lesions. Distant metastasis was detected in 48% of patients with a metaphyseal tumor. In patients with diaphyseal lesions, it was 17%. The 5-year EFS and OS were 35% and 43%, respectively. In non-metastatic disease, these measures were 43% and 50%, whereas in metastatic disease, they were 20% and 27%. In patients with a lesion originating from metaphysis, the 5-year EFS was 17%, and the 5-year OS was 29%, for patients with a diaphyseal lesion, these values were 50% and 54%.


The presence of metastasis was closely related with metaphyseal tumors. The localization of tumor in the bone (i.e., diaphyseal or metaphyseal) and gender of patients seem to have prognostic importance. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2010; 54:19–24. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.