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Keywords:

  • FHL;
  • hemophagocytic syndrome;
  • Punjab;
  • syntaxin 11

Abstract

Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) is typically an autosomal recessive, early-onset, life-threatening immune disorder. Loss-of-function mutations in STX11 have been found to impair NK cell degranulation and cytotoxicity. Here, we describe two unrelated infants of Punjabi descent presenting with FHL and carrying a novel, homozygous STX11 frameshift mutation [c.867dupG]. Western blot analysis indicated absence of syntaxin-11. Unexpectedly, degranulation by NK cells from one of the patients was not impaired, although patient NK cells showed mildly and significantly decreased cytotoxicity, respectively. Importantly, these observations imply that STX11 should be sequenced in HLH patients even when impaired NK cell degranulation is not found. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2011;56:654–657. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.