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Keywords:

  • children;
  • sickle cell disease;
  • splenic infarction

Abstract

Hemoglobin sickle-hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (S-HPFH) is a condition in which there is compound heterozygosity for the Hb S mutation and the HPFH deletion. These patients have no anemia, little evidence of hemolysis and generally have a benign clinical course compared to other types of sickle cell anemia. We describe a 19-year-old male with HbS-HPFH who had no history of anemia or vaso-occlusive crisis, who presented with a massive splenic infarct. We conclude that patients with HbS-HPFH can occasionally present with severe complications and require a high level of clinical suspicion for complications when presenting to the hospital. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013; 60: E49–E51. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.