• late effects of treatment;
  • nephrectomy;
  • pediatric oncology;
  • renal function;
  • Wilms tumor


Impaired renal function may occur in experimental animals following surgical removal of most functioning renal tissue (“hyperfiltration injury”). Although end-stage renal disease is uncommon among long-term survivors of unilateral, non-syndromic Wilms tumor, concern has been expressed that there may be an increased risk of less serious, but progressive, renal function impairment among these individuals. The recent development of equations for estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has facilitated the study of renal function in Wilms tumor survivors. However, the estimating equations were developed to categorize individuals with chronic kidney disease and have significant limitations with regard to the accuracy of individual GFR estimates. These limitations must be considered when utilizing the estimating equations in cross-sectional or longitudinal evaluations of renal function in cohorts of patients who have been treated successfully for Wilms tumor or other childhood cancers. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013;60:1929–1935. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.