Get access

Brain development, experience, and behavior

Authors

  • Bryan Kolb PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Canada
    • Correspondence to: Bryan Kolb, Department of Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada T1K 3M4.

      E-mail: kolb@uleth.ca

    Search for more papers by this author
  • Richelle Mychasiuk PhD,

    1. Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Canada
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Robbin Gibb PhD

    1. Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Canada
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Conflict of interest: Nothing to declare.

Abstract

Brain development progresses through a series of stages beginning with neurogenesis and progressing to neural migration, maturation, synaptogenesis, pruning, and myelin formation. This review examines the literature on how early experiences alter brain development, including environmental events such as sensory stimuli, early stress, psychoactive drugs, parent-child relationships, peer relationships, intestinal flora, diet, and radiation. This sensitivity of the brain to early experiences has important implications for understanding neurodevelopmental disorders as well as the effect of medical interventions in children. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2014; 61:1720–1723. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary