The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among long-term survivors of adolescent cancer enrolled in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. Thirty percent of survivors reported poor physical and/or mental HRQOL. Race/ethnicity, education, and head/neck disfigurement were significantly associated with poor mental HRQOL, while sex, age, household income, obesity, alkylating agents, pelvic radiation, head/neck or limb disfigurement, and walking with a limp were associated with poor physical HRQOL. Identification of high-risk adolescent cancer patients may facilitate timely intervention to attempt to minimize the impact of cancer and treatment on subsequent quality of life. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2014; 61:1891–1894. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.