Direct analysis of curcumin in turmeric by DART-MS
Article first published online: 16 JUN 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 20, Issue 5, pages 372–377, September/October 2009
How to Cite
Kim, H. J. and Jang, Y. P. (2009), Direct analysis of curcumin in turmeric by DART-MS. Phytochem. Anal., 20: 372–377. doi: 10.1002/pca.1136
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 16 JUN 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Revised: 14 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Received: 5 AUG 2008
- Kyung Hee University. Grant Number: KHU- 20070715
- Direct analysis in real time mass spectrometer;
- Curcuma longa
The new ion source technique, direct analysis in real time (DART) atmospheric pressure ionisation, allows high resolution mass measurements of gas, liquid and solid samples. As DART-MS produces [M + H]+ molecular ions of most compounds, relatively simple and clear mass spectra are obtained even of multi-component samples. In order to take advantage of the capacity of DART-MS for the real time analysis of individual compounds in natural raw materials, a pilot study was performed using the well-known antioxidant botanical drug, turmeric.
To establish the analysis methods of curcumin and its derivatives from various types of samples with DART-MS and compare the efficiency of the method with traditional HPLC method.
Different curcuminoids were successfully detected directly from the raw particles of Curcuma longa. When a turmeric extract was separated on a TLC plate, each band produced molecular ion peaks corresponding to curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin. Molecular ions of curcuminoids in turmeric-containing beverages and curry powder were also efficiently detected. In addition to high efficiency of qualitative analysis, the evaluation of its linearity showed that DART-MS can be applied for semi-quantitative determinations of curcumin over a large range (5–100 µg/mL).
A simple chemical profiling and semi-quantitative method for natural products using DART-MS might be applied to diverse field related quality control of medicinal plants or food ingredients. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.