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Rapid Identification of Unstable Acyl Glucoside Flavonoids of Oxytropis racemosa Turcz by High-performance Liquid Chromatography–Diode Array Detection–Electrospray Ionisation/Multi-stage Mass Spectrometry

Authors

  • Shuang Song,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functions of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, P. R. China
    2. College of Pharmacy, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Dalian, P. R. China
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  • Xiu-Ping Zheng,

    1. Inner Mongolia Pharmaceutical Industrial Institute Co. Ltd, Hohhot, China
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  • Wei-Dong Liu,

    1. Inner Mongolia Pharmaceutical Industrial Institute Co. Ltd, Hohhot, China
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  • Rui-Fang Du,

    1. Inner Mongolia Pharmaceutical Industrial Institute Co. Ltd, Hohhot, China
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  • Zi-Ming Feng,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functions of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, P. R. China
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  • Pei-Cheng Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    • State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functions of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, P. R. China
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  • Li-Fu Bi

    Corresponding author
    • Inner Mongolia Medical College, Hohhot, China
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Correspondence to: P.-C. Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functions of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, P. R. China. E-mail: pczhang@imm.ac.cn

L.-F. Bi, Inner Mongolia Medical College, Hohhot 010059, China. E-mail: yujiandandan@126.com

Abstract

Introduction

Oxytropis racemosa Turcz is an important minority medicine that is used mainly to improve children's indigestion, especially in inner Mongolia and Tibet. Previous studies indicated that the characteristic constituents of this plant are acylated flavonoids.

Objective

Rapidly identify the characteristic chemical constituents of O. racemosa by high-performance liquid chromatography–diode array detection–electrospray ionisation/multi-stage mass spectrometry (HPLC–DAD–ESI/MSn) and suggest a useful method to control the quality of this medicinal plant.

Methods

In the HPLC fingerprint, 32 flavonoids were tentatively identified by a detailed analysis of their mass spectra, UV spectra and retention times. Furthermore, 13 flavonoids were confirmed by comparison with previously isolated compounds obtained from O. racemosa.

Results

In total, 32 flavonoids, including 13 flavonoids with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid (HMG) moieties and four flavonoids with 3-malonyl moieties, were identified in the extract of O. racemosa. Among the compounds identified, 10 were characterised as new compounds for their particular acylated sugar moieties.

Conclusions

The method described is effective for obtaining a comprehensive phytochemical profile of plants containing unstable acylated flavonoids. The method is also useful for constructing the chromatographic fingerprint of the minority medicine –O. racemosa Turcz for quality control. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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