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Qualitative and Semi-quantitative Analysis of Phenolics in Eucalyptus globulus Leaves by High-performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Diode Array Detection and Electrospray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry

Authors


Correspondence to: L. Boulekbache-Makhlouf, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Laboratoire 3BS, Université A. Mira de Bejaia 06000, Bejaia, Algérie. E-mail: lilaboulekbachemakhlouf@yahoo.fr

ABSTRACT

Introduction

Eucalyptus species are widely cultivated in Mediterranean regions. Moreover, plants of this family have been utilized for medicinal purposes. A number of studies have been devoted to the identification of eucalypt phenolics, all of them have focused on specific families of compounds, and no exhaustive profiling has been reported in leaves of this plant.

Objective

To develop methods that allows the identification and quantification of different classes of phenolics in Eucalyptus globulus leaf.

Methodology

Acetonic extract was fractionated by chromatography on a Sephadex LH-20 column using consecutive elution with ethanol, methanol and aqueous acetone (60%). High-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS) were applied to determine the structure of different compounds. Quantities were evaluated from peak areas in the HPLC profile, using external calibration curves.

Results

Fractionation of acetonic extract yielded three fractions: F1, F2 and F3. In total 39 phenolic compounds are detected. Among them: 16 hydrolyzable tannins, 3 terpenyl derivatives, 12 ellagic acid derivatives, 5 flavonols, 2 hydroxybenzoic acids and 1 formylated phloroglucinol. 26 compounds described in this study have not previously detected in leaves of this plant and this is the first report of quercetin 3-O-β-galactoside-6”-O-gallate and cypellogin A and B, in E. globulus plant. Quantitatively, ellagic acid derivatives and sideroxylonal A or B are largely predominant.

Conclusion

Fractionation of crude extract by chromatography on Sephadex LH-20 was efficient to separate different molecular weight compounds. HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS enabled detection of gallotannin, ellagitannin and flavonol derivatives, in leaves of E. globulus. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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