HPLC–ESI–QTOF–MS as a Powerful Analytical Tool for Characterising Phenolic Compounds in Olive-leaf Extracts
Article first published online: 15 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 213–223, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Quirantes-Piné, R., Lozano-Sánchez, J., Herrero, M., Ibáñez, E., Segura-Carretero, A. and Fernández-Gutiérrez, A. (2013), HPLC–ESI–QTOF–MS as a Powerful Analytical Tool for Characterising Phenolic Compounds in Olive-leaf Extracts. Phytochem. Anal., 24: 213–223. doi: 10.1002/pca.2401
- Issue published online: 16 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 15 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 30 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 9 FEB 2012
- Electrospray ionisation;
- high-performance liquid chromatography;
- quadrupole time-of-flight;
- olive leaves;
- phenolic compounds
Olea europaea L. leaves may be considered a cheap, easily available natural source of phenolic compounds. In a previous study we evaluated the possibility of obtaining bioactive phenolic compounds from olive leaves by pressurised liquid extraction (PLE) for their use as natural anti-oxidants. The alimentary use of these kinds of extract makes comprehensive knowledge of their composition essential.
To undertake a comprehensive characterisation of two olive-leaf extracts obtained by PLE using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionisation and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC–ESI–QTOF–MS).
Olive leaves were extracted by PLE using ethanol and water as extraction solvents at 150°C and 200°C respectively. Separation was carried out in a HPLC system equipped with a C18-column working in a gradient elution programme coupled to ESI–QTOF–MS operating in negative ion mode.
This analytical platform was able to detect 48 compounds and tentatively identify 31 different phenolic compounds in these extracts, including secoiridoids, simple phenols, flavonoids, cinnamic-acid derivatives and benzoic acids. Lucidumoside C was also identified for the first time in olive leaves.
The coupling of HPLC–ESI–QTOF–MS led to the in-depth characterisation of the olive-leaf extracts on the basis of mass accuracy, true isotopic pattern and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) spectra. We may conclude therefore that this analytical tool is very valuable in the study of phenolic compounds in plant matrices. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.