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A Simple and Rapid Single Kernel Screening Method to Estimate Amylose Content in Rice Grains

Authors

  • Somanath Agasimani,

    Corresponding author
    1. AICRP on Soybean, Main Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-, Karnataka, India
    • Correspondence to: S. Agasimani, AICRP on Soybean, Main Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka, India and S. Ganesh Ram, Department of Plant Genetic Resources, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, Tamil Nadu, India. E-mail: somub4u@gmail.com;ganeshgene@gmail.com

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  • G. Selvakumar,

    1. Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
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  • A. John Joel,

    1. Department of Plant Genetic Resources, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
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  • Sundaram Ganesh Ram

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Plant Genetic Resources, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
    • Correspondence to: S. Agasimani, AICRP on Soybean, Main Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad- 580 005, Karnataka, India and S. Ganesh Ram, Department of Plant Genetic Resources, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore- 641 003, Tamil Nadu, India. E-mail: somub4u@gmail.com;ganeshgene@gmail.com

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ABSTRACT

Introduction

In rice breeding programmes large number of grain samples are routinely analysed for amylose content (AC) through a tedious spectrophotometric method that also involves high reagent costs.

Objective

Here, we propose a rapid and economic screening technique for assessment of AC based on the amylose–iodine complex formation in the cut grains of rice, which we refer to as the cut grain dip (CGD) method.

Methods

The CGD method involves cutting the rice kernels in the middle with a pair of scissors and dipping the cut end in an optimised iodide:iodine (KI-I) solution termed the rapid amylose detection solution (RADS).

Results

It was found that the time taken for deep blue colouration by the cut end of the grains after dipping in RADS was proportional to the AC. The CGD method was further validated in a large set of rice mutants with varied AC.

Conclusion

The proposed method can be used to screen samples for AC rapidly, with a single rice caryopsis, without any costly equipment and can be especially suitable for screening of mutants and segregants with altered AC in large breeding populations. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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